Colin James speech to the Institute of Public Administration
I shall start with some politics. It is familiar to you since you live and breathe it or at the very least have to work around it. But it is a useful starting point to set my scene.
The logic of MMP was a sort of two-group system, as Germany has. There the Greens are allied with the Social Democrats and the Free Democrats (who these days occupy a slot akin to ACT’s) are allied to the Christian Democrats. That looked like where our system was heading; a winnowing of small parties until Labour squared off against National, each with an ally or two.